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How to plant a tree step by step?

What is the meaning of tree planting?

What are the nine steps to plant a tree?

What is the importance of tree planting?

Let's find out!

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Planting trees is an excellent investment. The growth of the investment depends on several factors, including the type of tree planted, the location, and the care given. It is important to give your new tree a healthy start so that it can reach its full potential, as well as provide environmental, economic, and social benefits.


TreeMedics LLC offers the best tree planting service available.

We're looking forward to working with you!

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Get Your Landscape Off to a Good Start with Portland Tree Planting Services

TreeMedics Tree Service partners with customers to select trees that will thrive in their landscape for many years to come.


Trees provide shade, beauty, and comfort, but not every tree is suitable for every landscape. Root systems of some trees are shallow which makes them vulnerable to pests and diseases. They may also have other qualities that make them prone to failure. Some drop a greater quantity of debris or have invasive properties, which makes them less desirable. The attractiveness of saplings and young trees may not last as they mature. It is helpful to have a deep background knowledge of trees at your disposal when making decisions about the kinds of trees you should include in your landscape for these and other reasons.

Tree Selection


There are several questions to ask before choosing a tree to plant:


The tree serves what function or purpose? Does it provide shade or privacy? Noise reduction? Aesthetic appeal? When will this tree be large enough to meet my expectations? How big will the plant get when I plant the species I am interested in, and what is its growth rate?


How long before this tree becomes too big for this setting?

A tree may eventually either need to be removed or dramatically trimmed. There may be a time when other plants need to be removed to make space.


What kind of maintenance is required for this tree in the future?

The degree of maintenance required for each species will vary.


What will this tree mean for my home, hardscape, and surrounding landscape?

Among the ways a tree can affect its surroundings is through its root system. In some cases, roots of trees tend to push up and damage structures such as sidewalks, while others don't.


Is there any allergy concern?

Sensitive individuals may find pollen from some trees difficult to handle


Is my area prone to harsh weather conditions?

Different species are affected differently by harsh weather. Certain species are more susceptible to damage caused by harsh weather than others.


To improve the chances of a tree's survival, numerous details must be taken into consideration. Being removed from the conditions you have been growing in, and being introduced to an entirely new environment, can be a shock to a tree.


When is the Best Time to Plant


The dormant seasons are best for planting new trees: after leaf fall in the fall and before bud break in the spring. You should make sure that the weather conditions are cool and that new plants have a chance to establish roots in the new location before spring rains and summer heat stimulate new growth. A healthy balled and burlapped tree or a container tree can be planted throughout the growing season. In tropical and subtropical climates, you can plant a tree at any time, as long as you have sufficient water.


Planting Stress 


When a balled-and-burlapped tree is dug up at the nursery, it may suffer from transplant shock with slowed growth and reduced vitality. The same may apply to container trees. Transplant shock is reduced and faster recovery can be achieved with proper site preparation, careful handling to prevent further root damage, and good post-transplant care.


How to Plant a Tree


To help your tree establish quickly in its new location, carefully follow these nine steps: 


  1. A tree's trunk flare is the area at the base where it expands. It is important to see the trunk flare partially after planting the tree. If there is no flare visible after planting, remove excess soil. 

  2. Prepare a shallow, wide hole for the plant. To ensure good root growth, holes should be 2–3 times wider than the root ball, but only as deep as the root ball.

  3. If the root ball and trunk are wrapped, remove the covering to facilitate root growth. It is best to remove or cut one or two rings off the wire basket so that it is low-profile and will not interfere with future root growth. Examine the root ball for circling roots and straighten, cut, or remove them. If necessary, expose the trunk flare.

  4. Ensure that the tree is at the right height. You should lift the tree by the root ball, and not the trunk, when you place it in the hole. Most of a tree's roots are found within the top 12 inches of soil. Planting the tree too deep can be harmful to it.

  5. Straighten out the tree in the hole. Examine the tree from several angles before filling the hole to ensure that it is straight.

  6. Ensure that the hole is filled gently but firmly. Pack soil around the root ball's base to stabilize it. Eliminate air pockets by filling the hole firmly. Water periodically after backfilling to further reduce air pockets. 

  7. If staking is necessary, three stakes or an underground system provide the best support. According to research, trees develop stronger roots and trunks without stakes; however, stakes may be necessary if the trees are planted bare root or in windy conditions. Removing the stake is generally done the following growing season. When the stake is added in spring, it should be removed in the fall. Stake in the fall, remove in the spring.

  8. Mulch base of the tree. Put a layer of mulch about two to three inches thick (5–7.5 cm), but don't pile too much against the trunk. At the base of the tree, leave a mulch-free space 1 to 2 inches wide (2.5 to 5 cm) to prevent moist bark and decay.

  9. Make sure the soil is moist by watering once a week if it does not rain, and more often during hot, windy weather. As temperatures drop, watering will become less frequent, tapering off by mid-fall.


Follow-up care may also include:


  • Branch damage from the planting process may require minor pruning. 

  • Pruning after planting should be minimal. Corrective pruning should be postponed until after the first growing season.

  • If you need to wrap the trunk, use biodegradable materials and wrap it from the bottom up.

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